Here’s what you need to do to get it right-TechnologyNews, Firstpost

A week from today, an important round of UN climate change negotiations will begin in Glasgow, and stakes will not rise any further. Ultimately, we will see how far each country will go to tackle the greatest challenges of humankind.

So is COP26 on track for success? There is a reason to have hope.

More than 100 countries, including China, the United States and the United Kingdom, have already promised to reach net zero emissions.Globally, renewable energy rapid growth, The flow is changing Against fossil fuels, and Economic cost It is becoming increasingly clear that it has no impact on climate change.

Beginning October 31, hundreds of government representatives will participate in a two-week complex and fierce negotiation on a particular text of the agreement.

But if history has taught us anything, no country at the summit agrees to do more than we believe we can do about climate change. In other words, domestic politics promotes international negotiations.

What happens in Glasgow?

The first COP (Conference of the Parties) was held in Berlin in 1995. About a quarter of a century later, the 26th meeting will be held.

COP26 sets the direction for an important aspect of the fight against global warming.chief inside that How well each country is implementing its promise to limit global warming to well below 2 ° C under the Paris Agreement, and how much it will increase its ambitions.

Other issues on the agenda include climate funding for developing countries, adaptation to climate change, and carbon trading regulations.

Beginning October 31, hundreds of government representatives will participate in two weeks of complex and fierce negotiations on specific texts of the agreement.

What the representative cannot solve is usually left to the political leader to negotiate the most troublesome issues. Historically, the final agreement occurs before dawn in the final session.

Outside the convention center is an informal COP, which is like a world climate exposition. Thousands of representatives from business, civil society and elsewhere, from bankers and millionaires to students and survivalists, gather for panel discussions, exhibitions and protests.

Slow progress

Global climate change discussions involve people from around the world with varying interests, preferences and obligations (sometimes referred to by negotiators as the “red line”). As you can imagine, it can be slow.

Almost 200 countries have signed the Paris Agreement, which is consensus. This means that only one country can sustain progress for hours or even days.

Irony-often Delay climate change measures – Claim that the whole process is just a talk shop.

That’s true, the story is slow. But it is much better than coercion, and without negotiations, countries would have much less pressure to act. It is also true that over the last 25 years, these negotiations have redefined how the world thinks and acts on climate change.

After all, on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special report About the impact of global warming, which is 1.5 ° C higher than the level before the Industrial Revolution. The discovery resonated all over the world.

I found it To limit global warming to 1.5 ° C, carbon dioxide emissions need to be reduced by 45% by 2030 and approach zero by 2050.

However, since the Paris Agreement was signed, global emissions have continued to increase, despite the impact of COVID-19. COP26 is a major test of whether the world can turn this around and avoid runaway global warming.

Do you deliver Glasgow?

Some things need to be done correctly for the Glasgow Summit to be considered successful. First of all, countries need to not only reach their net-zero goals by 2050, but also promise stronger goals for 2030. Without themThere is no chance that the world will limit the rise in global temperature to 2 ° C.

Key emitters also need to support developing countries with funding and technology to enable them to move to clean energy and adapt to the effects of climate change, such as severe floods and long-term droughts. there is.

Other issues such as international carbon market rules are also on the agenda, but even the strongest carbon markets Unlikely Achieve emission reductions at a rate that scientists warn of what is needed to avoid disasters.

There are signs of hope.The United States has historically been the most important player in international negotiations, outlined by President Joe Biden. Most ambitious climate program In the history of the country prior to the Glasgow summit.

The United States, along with the United Kingdom, the European Union, and a number of small countries Including those in the Pacific, Form a powerful and influential coalition of countries firing to limit warming to 1.5 ° C.

So what’s in the way of them? Now, the willingness of a country to commit in Glasgow is not a function of what is happening in Glasgow. Domestic politics In their capital.

That’s why Washington Democrats are working hard. Biden’s huge budgetPasses Congress, including measures such as a clean power program. The bill is essential to the president’s commitment to halve emissions by 2030.

Also, well-known climate change-sensitive observers, such as Brazil, Russia and Australia, who are heavily dependent on fossil fuels, will stick and domestic political conditions will commit these countries to more ambitious goals by 2030. That’s why we’re checking for possibilities.

And that’s why we know that industries that are in a position to lose climate change, namely oil, gas and coal lobbyists, will discontinue Glasgow’s climate change measures. They need to discontinue climate change measures at home.

International negotiations are often 2 level game.. Changes at the national level have the potential to enable new and hopefully ambitious restructuring at the international level.

Will these readjustments occur? It won’t take long to find, but at the national level of many countries, there has never been such a bad time to advocate fossil fuels. This should give us all the hope that action on climate change is more likely than ever.

conversationChristian Downey, Associate Professor, Australian National University. This article will be republished from conversation Under a Creative Commons Original work..

Here’s what you need to do to get it right-TechnologyNews, Firstpost

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