Associated PressJune 15, 2021 11:06:09 IST
NATO leaders expanded the use of mutual defense clauses on Monday to include a collective response to attacks in space. Article 5 of NATO’s founding treaty states that an attack on any of the 30 allies is considered an attack on all of them. So far, it has only been applied to more traditional military attacks on land, sea and air, and more recently it has only been applied to cyberspace.
In a statement at the summit, leaders said, “Attack on space, from space, or in space is a challenge to NATO, which” threatens the prosperity, security, and stability of the state and the Euro Atlantic. He said he believes it could be harmful to the universe. As a traditional attack. “
“Such an attack could lead to the invocation of Article 5. The decision on when such an attack would lead to the invocation of Article 5 will be made by the North Atlantic Council on a case-by-case basis. Let’s do it, “they said.
About 2,000 satellites orbit the globe, more than half of which are operated by NATO countries, guaranteeing everything from mobile phones and banking services to weather forecasts. Military commanders rely on some of them for navigation, communications, intelligence sharing, and missile launch detection.
In December 2019, NATO leaders declared space as the “fifth territory” of the alliance, following land, sea, air and cyberspace. Many Member States are concerned that they say it is an increasingly aggressive action in space by China and Russia.
There are satellites in about 80 countries, and private companies are also occupying them. In the 1980s, only part of NATO’s communications were via satellite. Today it is at least 40%. NATO had more than 20 stations during the Cold War, but new technology allows the world’s largest security organizations to double their coverage in one-fifth of them.
NATO’s collective defense clause came into effect only once when members gathered behind the United States after the 9/11 terrorist attacks.
When former President Donald Trump suggested that U.S. allies, especially those bordering Russia such as Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland, might not be on their side unless they raise their defense budget. , Expressed deep concern.
President Joe Biden has been trying to reassure them since taking office and has used his first summit at NATO as a formal opportunity to highlight America’s commitment to its European allies and Canada.
Biden said on Monday that Article 5 was a “sacred duty” among allies. “I just want the whole of Europe to know that the United States is there,” he said. “The United States is there.”
NATO extends the meaning of Article 5 of the treaty to include threats from space-Technology News, Firstpost
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