London — Asthma is a condition in which the airways are narrow and swollen, which can cause excess mucus and other symptoms. Asthma affects adults but is the most common long-term illness in children. According to the World Health Organization, more than 262 million people worldwide are affected by asthma and more than 461,000 die from asthma.
There is no cure for asthma, and for some people asthma is a minor annoyance. For others, it can interfere with daily activities and lead to life-threatening asthma attacks. Dr. John Costello, a pulmonologist at the Mayo Clinic Healthcare in London, says that proper daily management of asthma is key to controlling symptoms and preventing asthma attacks.
Symptoms of asthma include shortness of breath, chest tightness, wheezing during exhalation, sleep disorders due to shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing, and coughing or wheezing attacks exacerbated by respiratory viruses.
Asthma is an intermittent condition that is usually exacerbated by a respiratory virus, allergy, or another trigger. It is not clear why some people have asthma and others do not. For some people, the signs and symptoms of asthma burn in certain situations, such as during exercise. Even cold weather and thunderstorms can cause asthma.
“Asthma, like allergies, has a very large genetic component, but the absolute definition of the genes involved is still under investigation and is still controversial,” says Dr. Costello. “Therefore, it is very difficult to prevent asthma as a symptom. It is the frequency and severity of seizures that can be prevented by using regular treatment.”
Children with asthma may not be able to clearly express the symptoms they are feeling. Parents often find that their children have breast infections more often than their siblings. Otherwise, you will hear wheezing frequently. The family may also have a history of coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, asthma or allergies-all factors that indicate a diagnosis of asthma.
Asthma often improves in the early teens. But it’s not clear why it improves-whether it’s a hormone or not-Dr. Costello says. But when a person is diagnosed with it, it always tends to return to the second half of life, given the right circumstances.
Steps for people with asthma and their healthcare providers to refer to local and international treatment guidelines to live in their own condition, prevent asthma attacks, and recognize that asthma has become uncontrollable. You can make a plan. Patients with severe asthma may require oral or intravenous corticosteroids, but inhalation therapy is the treatment of choice.
“And if the patient doesn’t respond, you need to be admitted to the hospital to make sure these drugs are being administered efficiently,” says Dr. Costello.
For some, asthma can interfere with daily activities and cause life-threatening asthma attacks. (Antonio Gillem / Dreamstime / TNS)
Tips for managing asthma-Lima News
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