Are you unable to cope with the sweltering summertime and frequent power outages in your area? It’s time to invest in a reliable inverter and inverter battery for ensuring a worry-less summertime. If we’re just discussing about the battery, it’s critical to note that it is an important component of any inverter.
Why so? Well, an inverter’s performenace effectiveness and lifespan are largely determined by its battery.
Despite the fact that there are numerous manufacturers on the marketplace, it is critical to understand the different kinds of inverter batteries and how they work to pick the best one.Let’s learn the difference between a tubular battery and a flat battery in this blog.
Image Source: Luminous
What Is A Tubular Battery?
A tubular battery is a cylindrical or rectangular tube-like receptacle for holding an electrolyte, often placed in series.These Batteries are best suited for areas with longer but less frequent power cuts.Tubular batteries are expensive than flat plate batteries but requires less maintenance in comparsion.Tubular batteries are made of materials like glass, metal and plastic. The capacity of tubular batteries is usually measured in Amp-hours (Ah). According to the design type, the tubular battery can be divided into a single composite, double composite, etc.
The positive and negative poles of a tubular battery are at either end of the tube that house it, hence these are not flat. Its construction allows for more electrolytes to be stored inside and space for connecting two cells in parallel or series connection. These batteries can also act as safety devices by incorporating flame retardants within the cell, which implies that if there is a violent reaction in one tube, flame retardants inside can help prevent further ignition.
How Does A Tubular Battery Work?
Inside the tubular battery are electrodes, an electrolyte and separators. The electrodes are usually made of graphite or lead oxide, while the electrolyte contains sulfuric acid for gel cells or potassium hydroxide for wet cells.
Chemical reactions occur between these components during discharge and charging cycles wherein electrons move from negative electrode to positive electrode through an external circuit when connected with a load, e.g., light bulbs or motors.
A difference between tubular batteries and flat batteries is their construction and how they store energy – i.e., in rigid tubes instead of on plates – the tubular batteries are cylindrical and rectangular, whereas flat batteries are flat.
The voltage applied across its terminals is the same as the cell voltage to charge a tubular battery. Thus, the charging process begins by applying a constant current until the desired terminal voltage is reached and then reducing the current to zero (Norton).
The advantage of using tubular batteries lies in their longer life span when compared with flat batteries because a tubular battery can be charged repeatedly without its capacity being affected.
What Is A Flat Plate Battery?
A flat Plate battery is the fastest charging battery a type of electrical power supply that can be fitted on the floor or in buildings. It is best suited for the areas with smaller but frequent power cuts, It comes at relatively lower price than other lead acid batteryIt is made up of two electrodes, lead plates and an electrolyte solution. The positive electrode (anode) has active material like zinc suspended, whereas the negative one (cathode) has granules containing manganese dioxide mixed with carbonate.
They are then connected by thin strips called ‘electrodes’, which pass over them at opposite ends not to touch when installed but still allow for electric connection via external wires. Its construction does not include rigid tubes, unlike tubular batteries but rather plates.
Image Source: Luminous
The flat batteries also have the electrolyte suspended within them in an aqueous solution, where it is used to dissolve and conduct ions between electrodes during discharge and charge cycles (Citrus). When discharging, current flows from the positive electrode through an external circuit to the negative electrode back into the battery, which generates electrons.
On the other hand, when charging, electrons move through an external circuit from negative electrode to positive one – i.e., movement of electrons from negative to the positive terminal – andthis process regenerates active material on the anode, thus enabling the battery to recharge flat batteries come as single cells or as part of modules with several cells stuck together inside small rectangular-shaped plastic cases that can
Difference Between Flat PlateBattery AndTubular Battery
We will conclude this article by analyzing the difference between the two types of batteries. The main difference between a tubular battery and a flat plate battery is in its shape. The flat one has the shape of a plate, while the other type looks like a tube or cylinder container. Both types of batteries can support limited devices not to be used for machines with greater energy consumption like electric trams and radios that need more power.
However, if you want to use your radio or gadget outside, but it uses electricity from the battery, you should prefer a tubular battery toa flat one. It is because you do not have to bring around any extra lights since this one is made from a bulb that could illuminate something at night when there are no streetlights available.
Last but not the least, you must always do your research before making an investment in any inverter battery, you should check options from leading providers such as Luminous. You can also compare different products, and determine which specifications aligns with your unique requirements.